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Supporting Physical Development in Children: Gross Motor and Fine Motor Skills

Physical development in children occurs from birth to eight years old; however, the majority of that development happens before the age of three. Their physical development is divided into two categories: Gross motor skills and fine motor skills. And it is absolutely vital to understand what these skills are and how one can support them in order to encourage growth. 

Gross Motor Skills in Children

By definition, gross motor skills are those that require whole-body movements and involve large stabilized muscles for everyday functions. In children, gross motor skills are the earliest efforts to move and begin traveling on their own. 

Using the entire body not only increases a child’s confidence it also improves their agility and flexibility. While not every child will develop their gross motor skills on the same timeline as others, it’s crucial to watch and understand your specific child’s development, as they may need assistance from a parent or a professional. 

Fine Motor Skills in Children

On the other hand, fine motor skills, which are equally important, are defined as the smaller muscle movements of the body. Those that specifically use the wrists and fingers, including eating, dressing, writing, and feeding oneself. 

In order for a child to become a fully functioning and independent person, they will need to develop fine motor skills. Being attentive and ensuring they are reaching certain expected milestones within their development is crucial because catching any issues early and getting professional help to assist in their progress could make all the difference. 

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How Can You Support Physical Development in Your Children?

As a parent or caretaker, there are several things you can do today to help support the physical growth of any young child. 

These include, but are not limited to, the following tactics:  

  1. Encourage their physical independence. 
  2. Support their social-environmental development. 
  3. Improve physical health through diet and enjoyable exercise. 
  4. Engage in fun motor skills activities.
  5. Create a safe play environment.  

But it’s also important to understand that when it comes to a child’s physical development, often a professional opinion and intervention can help even more than a parent can. Therefore, the best way that anyone can support the physical development of their children is to reach out for help. 

How Kidology Can Help

Kidology, Inc. aims to help all children developmentally. Our professionals provide assistance services for children in need of support for their gross and fine motor skills. 

From physical therapy to occupational therapy, as well as parent and child groups, children and parents can get the help they need to thrive at one of our three convenient locations in Southampton, PA, Philadelphia, PA, or Sunny Isles, FL. 

For any further questions about Kidology, Inc.’s services and offerings or about physical development in children, please call us at time at 215-330-4116 or send an email to You can also go to our contact page

We are happy to help you and your family in any way that we can, as people are always our first priority!

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